References and further reading

Alexander, Christopher (1964). Notes on the Synthesis of Form. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Alexander, Christopher (1965). ‘A City is Not A Tree’. Originally published in Architectural Forum, Vol. 122, No. 1, April 1965, pp. 58–62 (Part I), Vol. 122, No. 2, May 1965, pp. 58–62 (Part II). Available in Mehaffy, M. (Ed.) (2015), A City is Not a Tree: 50th Anniversary Edition. Portland: Sustasis Press.

Alexander, Christopher et al. (1977). A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction. New York: Oxford University Press.

Alexander, Christopher (1979). The Timeless Way of Building. New York: Oxford University Press.

Alexander, Christopher (2003). The Nature of Order: An Essay on the Art of Building and the Nature of the Universe. (Vols 1–4). Berkeley, CA: Center for Environmental Structure.

Alexander, Christopher et al. (2012). The Battle for the Life and Beauty of the Earth. New York: Oxford University Press.

Aristotle (1933). Metaphysics. Greek text with English: Trans. Hugh Tredennick, 1933 Edition. Cambridge MA: Harvard U. Press, Loeb Classical Library.

Buchanan, Peter (2015). “Starchitecture’s Swan Song.” In Architectural Review, February 2015. Available on the web at (Accessed August 2, 2017).

Carroll, Lewis (1889). “The Man in the Moon.” From Sylvie and Bruno Concluded. Retrieved from, July 13, 2010.

Congress for the New Urbanism (1996). Charter of the New Urbanism. Available on the Web at, (Accessed August 2, 2017.)

Frampton, Kenneth (2005). “The work of Architecture in the Age of Commodification.” In Harvard Design Magazine No. 23 (2005). Available on the web at (Accessed August 2, 2017).

General Motors (1956). “Design for Dreaming”. Featurette. Available on the Web at (Accessed August 2, 2017.)

George, Henry (1879). Progress and Poverty. New York: Cosimo Books.

Gödel, Kurt (1931). “On formally undecidable propositions of Principia Mathematica and related systems I.: In The Collected Works of Kurt Gödel. 2001. Edited by S. Feferman, J. W. Dawson, S. C. Kleene, G. H. Moore, R. M. Solovay and J. van Heijenoort. New York.

Goodwin, Brian (1994) “A Science of Qualities”, in How the Leopard Changed its Spots: The Evolution of Complexity. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.

Jacobs, Jane (1961). The Death and Life of Great American Cities. New York: Random House.

Jacobs, Jane (1970). The Economy of Cities. New York: Vintage Books.

Jacobs, Jane (1994). Systems of Survival: A dialogue on the moral foundations of commerce and politics. New York: Vintage.

Jacobs, Jane (2000). The Nature of Economies. New York: Random House.

Jacobs, Jane (2004). Dark Age Ahead. New York: Random House.

Koolhaas, Rem (1995). “Whatever Happened to Urbanism?” In Koolhaas, R and Mau, B. S, M, L, XL. New York: Monacelli Press.

Laurence, Peter. L. (2016). Becoming Jane Jacobs. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Le Corbusier. (1943). The Athens Charter. 1973 edition. New York: Grossman Books.

Le Corbusier. (1924). Towards a New Architecture. Translated by Frederick Etchells. 1931. New York: Dover Publications.

Mehaffy, Michael W. (2010). “Horizons of Pattern Languages,” In Patterns, Pattern Languages and Sustainability: Symposium Proceedings, University of Oregon Foundation (May).

Mehaffy, Michael W. and Salingaros Nikos A. (2015). Design for a Living Planet. Portland: Sustasis Press.

Newman, Stuart and Bhat, Ramray (2008). “Dynamical Patterning Modules: a “Pattern Language” for Development and Evolution of Multicellular Form.” International Journal of Developmental Biology. 53:693-705 (2009)

Ostrom, Elinor (1990). Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Plato (1974). Republic. Translation by G. M. A.Grube. 1974. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing.

Piaget, Jean (1970). Structuralism. Translated and Edited by C. Maschler. New York: Basic Books.

Simon, Herbert (1962). “The Architecture of Complexity.” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society. Vol. 106, No. 6 (Dec. 12, 1962), pp. 467-482.

UN-Habitat (2016). The New Urban Agenda. Available on the web at (Accessed August 2, 2017).

United Nations (2015). Sustainable Development Goals. Available on the web at (Accessed August 2, 2017).

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (2015). The Paris Agreement. Available on the Web at (Accessed August 2, 2017).

Whitehead, Alfred North and Russell, Bertrand (1910-1912). Principia Mathematica. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Whitehead., Alfred North (1929). Process and Reality. London: MacMillan.

Whitehead, Alfred North (1933). Adventures of Ideas. New York: MacMillan.

Whitehead, Alfred North (1938). Modes of Thought. New York: MacMillan.

Zipp, Samuel and Storring, Nate, Eds. (2016). Vital Little Plans: The Short Works of Jane Jacobs. New York: Random House.